Lehto Group Plc: Net sales EUR 667.7 million, operating loss EUR 41.8 million. In the fourth quarter operating result developed positively and financial position improved
Lehto Group Plc
Financial statement bulletin 1 January – 31 December 2019
20 February 2020 at 7:30 a.m.
This report has been prepared in accordance with the IAS 34 standard. The company complies with half-yearly reporting according to the Finnish Securities Markets Act. The financial statement bulletin is unaudited. Figures in brackets refer to the corresponding period of the previous year, unless otherwise stated.
|Net sales, EUR million||667.7||721.5||269.9||231.6|
|Change in net sales, %||-7.5%||20.7%||16.5%||-11.7%|
|Operating profit, EUR million||-41.8||37.2||0.1||15.3|
|Operating profit, % of net sales||-6.3%||5.2%||0.0%||6.6%|
|Profit for the period, EUR million||-35.7||28.7||0.4||11.5|
|Order backlog at period end, EUR million||481.8||655.6||481.8||655.6|
|Earnings per share, EUR||-0.61||0.49||0.01||0.20|
|Cash and other liquid assets, EUR million||59.2||53.4||59.2||53.4|
|Interest-bearing liabilities, EUR million||189.2||115.9||189.2||115.9|
|Lease liabilities in interest-bearing liabilities, EUR million||46.8||46.8|
|Equity ratio, %||29.6%||42.7%||29.6%||42.7%|
|Net gearing ratio, %||115.9%||38.5%||115.9%||38.5%|
|Equity ratio excluding lease liabilities, %||33.8%||33.8%|
|Net gearing ratio excluding lease liabilities, %||74.1%||74.1%|
In 2019, net sales were down 7.5% on the previous year and amounted to EUR 667.7 (721.5) million. Net sales grew in the Housing service area and declined in the Business Premises and Social Care and Educational Premises service areas. Growth in the net sales of Housing was driven by continued good sales. During the year, 1,837 apartments were sold (1,929 in 2018).
The operating loss was EUR 41.8 million (operating profit of EUR 37.2 million), or -6.3% (+5.2%) of net sales. The operating result was affected by losses in three areas: about EUR 31 million from complete renovation operations, around EUR 12 million from operations in Sweden and approximately EUR 11 million from the Social Care and Educational Premises service area. The operating results of the Housing and Business Premises service areas were positive.
Due to loss-making businesses, the company’s financial standing weakened. Net gearing ratio without lease liabilities in accordance with IFRS 16 grew to 74.1% (38.5%) and equity ratio without lease liabilities in accordance with IFRS 16 declined to 33.8% (42.7%). Indebtedness was at its highest at the end of the third quarter, but declined in the fourth quarter, thanks to the ending of several loss-making projects and cash freed up from net working capital. Cash and cash equivalents grew to EUR 59.2 (53.4) million during the financial year.
The order backlog decreased to EUR 481.8 (655.6) million due to the decrease in the number of ongoing housing and social care and education premises projects. The order backlog for the Business Premises service area grew.
In the fourth quarter, net sales amounted to EUR 269.9 million and operating profit to EUR 0.1 million.
The Board of Directors proposes that no dividend be paid for the financial year.
|Net sales and operating profit by quarter||Q1 2019||Q2 2019||Q3 2019||Q4 2019||2019|
|Net sales by service area, eur million||1-12/2019||1-12/2018||Change|
|Social Care and Educational Premises||87.7||117.8||-25.6%|
Net sales for the second half of the year amounted to EUR 421.4 million (EUR 429.6 million in July-December 2018), substantially higher than in the first half (EUR 246.3 million). The primary reason is that projects in the Housing service area were completed and recognised as revenue in the latter half of the year.
Operating loss for July-December was EUR 14.3 million (operating profit of EUR 23.5 million 7-12/2018), representing -3.4% (5.5%) of net sales. The operating result was burdened by the same factors as the full-year result. However, earnings developed favourably in the second half of the year, and the operating result for the last quarter was at a breakeven level, EUR 0.1 million (EUR 15.3 million in Q4 2018).
CEO Hannu Lehto:
“We will look back on 2019 as a learning period in our company’s history – we suffered our first losses and tough growing pains. Last year was preceded by several years of exceptionally strong growth during which our earnings performance was unusually good in terms of our industry. At the same time as we achieved profitable growth, the customer benefits we introduced attracted new customers and created opportunities for active business. Due to this, the organisation grew at a very fast rate. Looking back, we should have put the brakes on growth in good time, as we have already noted earlier. We sat the price of growth in 2019.
The greatest losses in 2019 were incurred in three clear areas: complete renovation projects, our first Swedish project and individual projects in the Social Care and Educational Premises service area. The challenges we had observed in these three problem areas in the second half of 2018 continued and deepened in 2019. The problematic complete renovation projects have now been wrapped up and the daycare centre projects in Sweden have also been completed. In the case of Social Care and Educational Premises, we will start planning to downscale operations and focus on projects in which we can harness our strategic competitive edges: standardisation and factory production. Societal decision-making concerning the social and healthcare sector plays a key role in the changing demand for care sector properties: the wait for nationwide political decisions and policies has markedly slowed down the planning and startup of new care sector properties.
In 2019, we started taking active corrective measures. The Building Renovation service area was discontinued at the beginning of the year and we decided that we can only carry out complete renovation projects as part of new construction or other larger commercial interest. Here, I should mention that our pipeline renovation unit has been running very smoothly for years and it posted well profitable growth in the review year, too. During the year, our number of personnel also decreased significantly. After these larger steps, we are still working on the basics and enhancing day-to-day operations. We have also launched an extensive restructuring program that includes operational, structural and resource dimensioning measures. We can already see the changes in our day-to-day work, but these efforts have not as yet affected our figures and result. Due to the nature of the sector and duration of projects, it takes a long time for revenue to be recognised; for this reason, the work performed and changes implemented do not have a rapid impact on profitability. We must keep working hard on this. A positive development is that our balance sheet is already heading in a healthy direction. Funds that were tied up in net working capital for a long time have been released and used to pay off debts. Our net gearing ratio declined significantly during the fourth quarter, while cash reserves grew.
We want to renew the construction industry. The major future megatrends in construction are already part of Lehto’s strategy: transferring work phases from construction sites to factories and digitalisation are deeply integrated in Lehto’s DNA. In addition, we have promoted ecological construction by launching a concept for modular wooden apartment buildings. We develop construction with the aim of providing our customers with even higher-quality, faster and affordably priced construction. These three customer benefits not only change significantly the construction industry – they have also brought customers to us. We firmly believe that this will continue in the future.”
Outlook for 2020
Lehto estimates that the Group’s net sales in 2020 will be approximately 10% lower than in 2019 and that operating result is positive.
The net sales outlook is based on estimation of decelerating housing market and declining volume in Lehto’s school and care home business. Volumes in business premises are estimated to remain at the level of previous year.
The operating profit outlook is influenced by ending of loss-making complete renovation projects and other single loss-making projects as well as estimated positive effects of restructuring activities that were started in 2019 and are still being executed.
Lehto implemented many business restructuring measures in 2019, focusing especially on the project preparation phase and project management. In addition, Lehto’s Board of Directors has decided on new structural and operational restructuring measures that seek to bolster Lehto’s competitiveness and profitability, especially in the one-to-three-year timeframe.
Lehto is focusing even more strongly on areas based on its strategic competitive edges: standardisation and factory production. As part of this focus and due to changes on the market, Lehto plans to downscale the offerings of the Social Care and Educational Premises service area and merge its functions into other service areas, such that its care home and assisted-living facility functions will be transferred to the Housing service area and its school and daycare centre construction functions to the Business Premises service area. When selecting which projects to implement, particular attention will be paid to ensuring that they are a good fit with Lehto’s strategy. The combination of business functions will also yield synergy benefits, especially in design, calculation, procurement and production.
The operational changes seek to improve project margins and eliminate negative deviations in them. Lehto has launched a Group-wide development programme that focuses especially on improving the quality of project preparation prior to the construction phase. These actions are expected to improve profitability gradually as from the second half of 2020 onwards.
Lehto will start employee cooperation negotiations aiming to merge the functions of the Social Care and Educational Premises service area into other service areas and streamline operations in the Housing service area. Negotiations concern approximately 400 employees and based on Company’s estimation may have impact of maximum 110 man-years.
Press conference on the financial statements
Lehto Group will hold a press conference for investors, analysts and the media on Thursday, 20 February 2020 at 10:00 a.m. (EET). The conference will be held at Teknobulevardi 3-5 F, Vantaa.
CEO Hannu Lehto and CFO Veli-Pekka Paloranta will speak at the conference. The event will begin with a brief financial summary in English. The rest of the press conference will be held in Finnish.
The press conference will be webcast live at lehto.fi/sijoittajille. The live webcast will begin at 10:00 a.m. Finnish time. A recording will be made available at the same address as soon as possible after the conference.
It is also possible to participate in the press conference via a conference call. Conference call participants are requested to dial in at least five minutes prior to the start of the conference, 9:55 a.m. Finnish time.
(The password is: Lehto)
Finland: +358 (0) 9 2319 5437
Sweden: +46 (0) 8 5052 0424
Other/UK: +44 (0) 20 3003 2666
Business environment and business development in 2019
General market environment
Construction remained brisk in Finland during the first half of 2019 but began to decline in the second half. In their business cycle reports published in October 2019, the Confederation of Finnish Construction Industries RT and the construction trends group of the Ministry of Finance estimated that total construction output would decline by 1–2% in 2019 and further by 1.5–3.5% in 2020.
In spite of the decline in construction, growth in the number of new building permits granted was seen in the second half of the year. According to Statistics Finland, building permits for 9.5 million m3 were granted in September-November 2019, up 5.9% on the previous year. The greatest increase in volume was seen in the case of public service buildings, with 47.8% year-on-year growth in building permits. Building permits in terms of cubic metres also grew significantly in the case of business premises and office buildings, up 39.4%. Building permits for housing construction were down 8.5% on the previous year in terms of cubic metres, which is primarily due to the decline in the volume of terraced and detached houses. The volume of building permits for apartment buildings was at the previous year’s level.
It is estimated that the construction of about 38,000 housing units was started up in 2019, about 7,600 fewer than in the previous year. The number of housing startups is expected to decline further to 32,000 in 2020. Public-sector construction of business premises rose to a record high, but there was a significant decline in the construction of business premises and offices. (Confederation of Finnish Construction Industries RT 10/2019)
In the Business Premises service area, Lehto builds office premises, retail premises, logistics, warehouse and production facilities, leisure facilities and large shopping and activity centres. Business premises are designed according to the customers’ needs and are built using the structural and design solutions developed or tried and tested by Lehto as well as Lehto’s own industrially prefabricated elements. The service area serves local, national and international customers.
Most of the business in the Business Premises service area comprises turnkey projects, where Lehto assumes overall responsibility for both design and construction. Lehto also builds some business premises in the form of developer contracting, which means that Lehto acquires the plot and designs and builds the property either wholly or partly at its own risk.
Demand for business premises was slight at the beginning of the review period but picked up some in the latter half. There were delays independent of Lehdo in the launch of several projects. Demand for large logistics and commercial buildings declined, but there was greater demand for office and hotel projects. The service area’s order backlog rose to EUR 185.2 million (EUR 167.6 million on 31 December 2018).
Net sales in the Business Premises service area declined by 36.1% from the comparison period to EUR 170.8 (267.3) million. The decline in net sales is due to a decrease in the number of projects and the smaller average size of projects. Significant delays in several startup of larger projects also contributed to the decline in net sales.
A total of 24 projects were completed in the review period (31 in 2018), the largest of which was the Ideapark shopping centre in Seinäjoki, measuring about 70,000 m2. At the end of the review period, 20 (19) projects were under construction, most notably three hotel projects in the Greater Helsinki area, a logistics centre in Kerava and a Prisma hypermarket in Varkaus.
Lehto has been developing the Hippos2020 project in collaboration with the City of Jyväskylä, Fennia Asset Management Ltd and other investors. In March 2019, Fennia Asset Management Ltd announced that it will no longer continue developing the project. However, Lehto and the City of Jyväskylä will continue and are seeking a new main financier. A project company has been set up for the project. It is responsible for the costs of the development work. A building permit has already been granted for the project, but its implementation involves the standard risks associated with property development, such as acquiring tenants.
During the review year, Lehto started up several construction contracts for business premises measuring under 3,000 m². In addition, Lehto agreed on the construction of several larger projects, notably:
In June, Lehto and Fennovoima signed a contract for the design and construction of an administrative building and plant office for the Hanhikivi 1 nuclear power plant. The contract is valued at about EUR 30 million.
In August, Lehto and Meconet Oy agreed on the construction of a new factory in Hirvaskangas, Äänekoski. The project is over 8,000 m2 in size. Construction began in autumn 2019 and the production facilities will be completed in spring 2020.
In November, Lehto began building the ART Hotel in Jätkänsaari, Helsinki. The hotel is operated by Primehotels Oy. The investor is Fennia Asset Management’s Terrieri Kiinteistöt fund. Building size is about 6,600 m² and the project employs modern industrial prefabrication, which both speeds up construction and enhances quality. The project will be completed in spring 2021.
In December, Lehto and Yandex, an IT corporation that runs Russia’s largest web search engine, agreed on the construction of a datacenter in Mäntsälä. This project will measure about 10,000 m2 and construction began in December. It is expected to be completed in autumn 2020.
In December, Lehto started to build a Prisma hypermarket in Varkaus with Osuuskauppa PeeÄssä. The project consists of a retail property measuring 12,500 m² that contains a Prisma hypermarket measuring about 7,500 m² and five small retail premises with associated premises. There will be a summer gardening store and 584 parking spaces outside.
Complete renovation operations
In early 2019, Lehto wound up its Building Renovation service area and transferred its complete renovation operations to the Business Premises service area. At the same time, the company decided that, in the future, new complete renovation projects will only be undertaken selectively on condition that the renovation is related to new construction projects or when it is a significant part of a larger commercial entity. Lehto had committed to a number of such projects even before the discontinuation of the Building Renovation service area.
During the financial year, four significantly loss-making complete renovation projects were completed and substantial warranty repairs were carried out for earlier complete renovation projects. All in all, complete renovation operations caused losses of about EUR 32 million in the financial year.
At the end of the review period, Lehto started up a new complete renovation contract in Helsinki, for which lehto had committed already before the decision to discontinue complete renovation business was made. In this project, an old office property will be renovated and converted into a hotel. The project is valued at about EUR 27 million. In the first half of 2020, Lehto will also start up another complete renovation contract in Helsinki based on an earlier commitment. The project is valued at about EUR 14 million and involves the renovation and conversion of an old educational premises for use as housing. The company has focused on high accuracy in the design, resourcing and preparations for the implementation of these new projects and projects are followed up with specific measures.
Social Care and Educational Premises
In the Social Care and Educational Premises service area, Lehto designs and builds care homes, assisted-living facilities, daycare centres and schools to meet the needs of municipalities and nationwide care and daycare service providers. The construction projects are implemented either under ordinary construction contracts or as investment transactions, where Lehto signs a lease agreement with the service operator and sells the completed property to a fund that invests in properties in the sector. The majority of the properties built by the service area are 1-2-storey wooden buildings, but it is also building an increasing number of diverse and multi-storey concrete buildings.
Net sales of Social Care and Educational Premises declined by 25.6% from the previous year to EUR 87.7 (117.8) million in 2019. Care homes and assisted-living facilities accounted for EUR 56.7 (97.2) million of net sales, while schools and daycare centres accounted for EUR 31.0 (20.6) million.
Demand for care homes slackened significantly and 10 new care home projects were started up (11 in 2018). During the review period, 14 (28) care home and assisted-living facility units were completed, and 4 (8) were under construction at the end of the period. In addition, one healthcare centre was completed during the period. The average profitability of care home projects weakened significantly year-on-year due to two clearly loss-making projects.
The volume of school and daycare centre construction grew. Three schools were completed during the financial year: Päivölänlaakso (Kerava), Kärkölä and Suutarila (Helsinki). The construction of six new schools and three new daycare centres was started up in the review period. The margins of school projects have varied greatly and on average have been substantially lower than the margins of Lehto’s ordinary contract projects.
Lehto plans to downscale the functions of the Social Care and Educational Premises service area and merge them into the Group’s other service areas, such that its care home and assisted-living facility functions will be transferred to the Housing service area and its school and daycare centre construction functions to the Business Premises service area. When selecting which projects to implement, particular attention will be paid to ensuring that they are a good fit with Lehto’s strategy. The planned combination of business functions would yield synergy benefits, especially in design, calculation, procurement and production.
The order backlog of the Social Care and Educational Premises service area at the end of the review period was EUR 29.2 million (EUR 60.0 million on 31 December 2018). The decline in the order backlog is due to the decrease in the number of care sector properties under construction.
In the Housing service area, Lehto builds new housing in apartment buildings, focusing mainly on Finland’s growth centres. The majority of Lehto’s housing projects are developer contracting projects, in which Lehto designs and builds properties on land areas that it has purchased and then sells the completed apartments to customers. Customers include private persons as well as private and institutional investors.
Housing production is divided into two product families: Nero and Deco. In addition, as from the beginning of 2019, the Housing service area has included the pipeline renovations business, which was earlier part of the Building Renovation service area that was discontinued at the beginning of the year.
Most – more than 70% – of Lehto’s housing properties are concrete Nero apartment buildings. In the Nero concept, the building frame is largely cast in situ concrete. Thanks to this, the building has good sound insulation properties and enables the use of interesting architectural solutions. Nero properties employ the kitchen/bathroom modules developed and manufactured by Lehto. These modules include the main electricity, water, ventilation and sewerage solutions for the apartment and building as well as a complete kitchen. The modules are completely prefabricated at Lehto’s own factories and transported, well-protected, to the construction site. At the site, the modules are installed in a vertical shaft and connected using a method patented by Lehto. This building method ensures rapid completion of construction, improves quality and produces cost savings.
Today, a growing share of Lehto’s housing production comprises wooden housing projects. Apartments in the Deco product family are manufactured as space elements in the factory – the interior surfaces of the apartment are fully finished when it leaves the factory. The use of space elements shortens the duration of on-site construction work. Also, the technique ensures that wooden interior structures do not become wet during the construction phase. Deco apartments involve a substantially higher amount of industrial prefabrication than Nero apartments.
The Optimi product family, which will be phased out, consists of detached houses built in area construction projects. Their implementation emphasises architecture and functional space solutions. Optimi production has not been able to effectively harness Lehto’s strategic competitive factors: strong planning control, standardisation and factory production. For this reason, Lehto has decided to gradually phase out the Optimi product family and focus instead on the growing market for wooden apartment buildings.
Demand for housing remained at a good level during the review period, although the sales periods lengthened. More new housing was on offer in the market than before, which led to slightly tighter competition and price pressure in areas with a high level of supply.
Net sales in the Housing service area grew by 21.7% from the previous year to EUR 409.2 (336.3) million in the review period. Net sales growth was generated by the increase in housing production and sales in all major market areas. Housing sales periods were longer than last year and the greater supply of housing in the market has reduced housing prices somewhat, especially in the last quarter. Raw material and subcontracting costs have risen slightly since last year, due to which the average margin on housing projects saw a year-on-year decline. Some project development failures also weighed on the result. As from the beginning of 2019, the Housing service area has included housing built under complete renovation projects. The comparative information has been adjusted accordingly.
During the review period, a total of 1,837 (1,929) housing units were sold, 1,499 in developer contracting projects and 338 in contract projects. On 30 April 2019, Lehto Group Plc’s subsidiary Lehto Asunnot Oy and the German company DWS Real Estate GmbH (“DWS”), which is part of the Deutsche Bank Group, signed an agreement according to which Lehto will build and sell a portfolio of 542 apartments for DWS. The portfolio will contain six separate projects located in Espoo, Turku, Kirkkonummi, Riihimäki and Jyväskylä. Four of these six projects were completed during the financial year; two of them have been sold and two will be sold in the 2020 financial year. The remaining two projects will be completed in 2020. In accordance with the contract, Lehto will sell the apartments leased, and the portfolio’s final sale price will be determined by the actual occupancy rate and rental prices. The projects will be handed over to clients individually on completion, at which point each project will also be paid for. Lehto will handle all financing and bank loans for the projects during the construction phase.
|Sold housing units during the review period||1-12/2019||1-12/2018|
|Sold housing units during the review period, total||1,837||1,929|
During the review period, 2,872 (2,159) new housing units were completed and at the end of the review period, 1,485 housing units were under construction (3,322 on 31 December 2018). The number of unsold housing units under construction declined and amounted to 518 at the end of the review period (1,715 on 31 December 2018). Most of the completed and ongoing housing projects are developer contracting projects located in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area and other Finnish growth centres: the Tampere, Turku, Jyväskylä and Oulu regions. The largest housing construction projects currently in progress are in Helsinki Metropolitan Area and in the centre of Oulu.
The table below presents the number of housing units under construction. Contract projects include not only contracts ordered by clients, but also housing construction projects developed by Lehto in which the company sells the entire share capital of the established housing cooperative to the client during the project.
|Housing units under construction||1-12/2019||1-12/2018|
|Housing units under construction, total||1,485||3,322|
|of which sold||967||1,607|
|Unsold (available or reserved)||1-12/2019||1-12/2018|
|including DWS units||402||462|
The number of completed and unsold housing units stood at 276 at period end (72 on 31 December 2018).
In March, Lehto launched the Deco wooden apartment building concept, which makes it possible to build a four-storey wooden building as a space element solution. The concept provides good support to the company’s strategy, as it effectively harnesses industrial manufacturing and standardised solutions, for instance. Product development was largely also driven by demand and megatrends such as ecology and Finnishness. The modules of Lehto’s wooden blocks of flats are built using domestic wood materials at the company’s factories in Finland. The construction of wooden blocks of flats is also interesting due to the changes in the business environment, as such projects are currently supported, such as by zoning plots suitable for this purpose in key locations in growth centres. In addition, wooden blocks of flats are an excellent match for current additional and complementary construction projects because the construction site phase that disturbs the neighborhood is so short.
During the review period, the availability and terms of financing for housing projects became significantly more stringent. In addition to weaker availability and stricter terms, the tightening of the financial market increases the financial expenses of projects and also slows down Lehto’s startup of developer contracted housing projects. As one alternative means of financing housing projects, Lehto plans to market selected RS sites with no housing company loans. In this arrangement, the end customer independently organises financing from a bank of their choosing. The benefits are an even lower purchase price and often a higher loan-to-value ratio. Lehto is also looking into financial solutions that would serve as alternatives to ordinary bank-based financing to finance developer contracting projects.
The order backlog of the Housing service area at the end of the review period was EUR 267.4 million (EUR 428.0 million on 31 December 2018). The order backlog declined particularly in the last quarter, when 1,385 apartments were completed and handed over. The housing production order backlog includes the proportion of started developer contracting projects that has not been recognised as net sales. A construction project is included in the order backlog once the decision to start construction has been made and the contract for a developer contracting project has been signed.
At the beginning of June, Juha Höyhtyä, M.Sc. (Civil Eng.), MBA, was appointed as the new Executive Vice President of the service area and as a member of the Group’s Executive Board. Mr Juha Höyhtyä has long experience of the construction business. He has worked for the construction company Lemminkäinen for a total of 24 years both in Finland and abroad. Most recently, he served as CEO of Telinekataja Oy, in which position he worked for approximately four years. Pasi Kokko, the previous head of the service area, left Lehto’s employ at the turn of March and April.
The Housing service area has taken over the well-organised and profitable pipeline renovations previously carried out by the now-discontinued Building Renovation service area. Demand for pipeline renovations remained good, with eight pipeline renovation projects completed during the review period, and nine under construction at period end. Net sales in the pipeline renovation business grew by 11% from the previous year to EUR 31.6 million. In future, pipeline renovations are looking to operate in the Tampere economic area, too.
During the review period, the Swedish unit focused on completing the ongoing daycare centre project as well as starting up its wooden apartment building business based on space elements.
The daycare centre project comprises daycare centres being built in the municipality of Botkyrka using space elements. There have been significant problems in coordinating factory production and on-site work phases and fulfilling the requirements of the customer. As a result, the project has posted a loss. Initially, the project included three daycare centres, two of which have been completed. The construction of the third daycare centre has not been started yet. Lehto is currently negotiating with the client to terminate the contract.
Lehto has decided to focus its Swedish operations on the construction of wooden apartment buildings implemented with standardised space elements. In the early phases, the projects will be carried out as fixed-price contracts. The development work on the wooden apartment buildings was carried out in 2019 and Lehto expects that the first project will be started up in mid-2020.
Due to the loss-making daycare centre project, Swedish operations have a negative impact of EUR 11.9 million on the 2019 consolidated operating profit.
On 5 March 2019, Thomas Perslund took up his position as the new Managing Director of Lehto Sverige. He has earned a name for himself in Swedish construction thanks to his leading roles in projects for Stockholm’s Friends Arena, Oscar Properties, NCC and the City of Stockholm. He has more than 20 years of experience in the field.
The use of prefabricated products lies at the core of Lehto’s business. Lehto manufactures a variety of building modules and elements at its own production facilities for its own use. Lehto has production facilities in Oulainen, Hartola, Humppila, Siikajoki and Ii, totalling about 50,000 m².
During the review period, personnel capacity was reduced in factory production. Lehto engaged in employee cooperation negotiations in May-June, as a result of which 51 employees were terminated and 53 laid off temporarily. In September, Lehto started new employee cooperation negotiations that also covered factory operations personnel. The redundancies, part-time work and layoffs implemented due to the negotiations corresponded to a reduction of about 100 person-years.
Balance sheet and financing
|Consolidated balance sheet, EUR million||31 Dec 2019||31 Dec 2018|
|Inventories, excluding IFRS 16 assets||210.3||238.2|
|Inventories, IFRS 16 assets||40.1|
|Cash and cash equivalents||59.2||53.4|
|Total equity and liabilities||451.8||468.3|
Lehto adopted the new IFRS 16 Leases standard as of 1 January 2019. Adoption of this standard does not have a significant impact on Lehto’s net sales or operating result, but affects several balance sheet key indicators, such as net gearing ratio (which will increase) and equity ratio (which will decrease). The changes to key indicators caused by adoption of the standard do not have an unfavourable impact on Lehto’s covenants.
The most significant effects of applying IFRS 16 in the 31 December 2019 balance sheet are: an increase of EUR 46.8 million in financial liabilities, an increase of EUR 6.6 million in non-current assets, and an increase of EUR 40.1 million in inventories. Long-term plot leases for construction projects are presented under inventories.
The company’s financial standing weakened during the financial year and, accounting for lease liabilities, the equity ratio was 29.6% and net gearing ratio 115.9% at the end of the year. The equity ratio, adjusted for comparability with previous periods and without the lease liabilities under IFRS 16, stood at 33.8% and the net gearing ratio was 74.1%. Lehto applies a simplified approach during the transitional period and will not adjust its comparison figures.
Equity and liabilities
Equity declined to EUR 112.1 (162.4) million during the financial year. The decrease in equity was largely due to losses of EUR 35.7 million during the financial year and dividends of EUR 14.0 million paid in April.
Financial liabilities grew to EUR 142.4 (115.9) million. Liabilities grew due to loss-making operations. Liabilities related to actual construction projects declined during the financial year.
Advances received declined to EUR 73.2 (88.3) million. Advances received include payments received for projects under construction to the extent these are not yet recorded in net sales.
Other liabilities decreased to EUR 77.3 (101.8) million and they include liabilities related to ordinary business operations, such as trade payables of EUR 29.8 (40.3) million and VAT debt of EUR 12.8 (19.7) million.
Non-current assets amounted to EUR 55.8 million at the end of the review period (EUR 37.7 million on 31 December 2018). Non-current assets include goodwill of EUR 4.6 (4.6) million, EUR 12.1 (12.7) million in factory buildings, EUR 7.2 (8.5) million in machinery and equipment and EUR 2.1 (0.9) million in capitalised development costs.
Inventories grew to EUR 250.4 (238.2) million. The reason behind this growth is the recognition of EUR 40.1 million in lease liabilities in the balance sheet in accordance with IFRS 16. The value of inventories not related to lease liabilities declined by EUR 27.9 million. This is due to the decrease in construction projects in progress.
Current receivables declined to EUR 86.3 (139.0) million, including trade receivables of EUR 50.5 (62.2) million and percentage-of-completion receivables of EUR 29.6 (71.1) million. The decline in receivables is due to the lower business volume.
|Cash flow statement, EUR million||1-12/2019||1-12/2018|
|Cash flow from operating activities|
|Result for the period + adjustments to accrual-based items||-34.3||34.5|
|Change in net working capital||23.2||-52.8|
|Total cash flow from operating activities||-11.1||-18.3|
|Cash flow from investments||-6.6||-13.7|
|Cash flow from financing||23.5||17.5|
|Change in cash and cash equivalents||5.9||-14.5|
|Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the period||53.4||68.0|
|Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period||59.2||53.4|
Net cash flow from operating activities was EUR -11.1 (-18.3) million, which includes a positive impact of EUR 23.2 (-52.8) million due to the decrease in net working capital. The decline in net working capital was caused by the decrease in inventories and receivables during the review year. Net working capital was at its highest at the end of the third quarter and decreased significantly in the fourth quarter when housing projects were completed and the care home portfolio in the balance sheet was sold.
Net cash flow from investments was EUR -6.6 million, of which EUR -4.1 million relates to tangible assets, mainly replacement investments, EUR -3.6 million to intangible assets and EUR 1.6 million from sales of associate.
Net cash flow from financing was EUR 23.5 million positive. A total of EUR 132.6 million was drawn in loans and EUR 90.1 million was repaid. Cash flow from financing also includes cash expenses of EUR 14.0 million due to dividends paid.
In November 2018, Lehto signed a EUR 50 million financing agreement with OP Corporate Bank plc and Nordea Bank plc. This financing agreement is a Revolving Credit Facility (RCF) that is valid for three years. The agreement employs the covenants for profitability and indebtedness. In March 2019, Swedbank AB was added to this credit facility with a EUR 25 million share, increasing the total sum to EUR 75 million.
The covenant levels of the RCF financing agreement were renegotiated with financiers during the review period. As a result of the negotiations, the full amount of the RCF is limited to EUR 54 million and this full amount was in use on the closing date.
The average number of personnel during the review period was 1,454 (1,457). The number of personnel at period end was 1,274 (1,552 on 31 Dec 2018). About half of the Group’s personnel are salaried employees and half employees working at construction sites.
During the review year, the company conducted two employee cooperation negotiations. Lehto engaged in employee cooperation negotiations in May-June, as a result of which 51 employees at the Hartola and Oulainen factories were terminated and 53 laid off temporarily. The redundancies, part-time work and layoffs implemented due to the September-November negotiations corresponded to a reduction of about 144 person-years and are expected to yield annual cost-savings of slightly under EUR 7 million. The majority of the measures affected factory production, in which personnel will be laid off in 2019-2020, with a total effect of 100 person-years.
The company has a long-term share-based incentive plan in place. The aim of the plan is to combine the objectives of the shareholders and the key employees in order to increase the value of the company in the long term and to commit key employees to the company. The plan is directed at a maximum of 70 key employees and the rewards are paid after a restriction period of two years, partly in the company’s shares and partly in cash. The cash proportion is intended to cover taxes and tax-related costs arising from the reward.
On 19 March 2019, Lehto carried out a directed share issue free of consideration related to the reward payment for the performance period 2016 of the incentive plan adopted in 2016. In the share issue, 58,691 new Lehto Group Plc shares were issued free of consideration to 25 Group key employees in accordance with the terms and conditions of the plan.
On 1 April 2019, Lehto announced that Kaarle Törrönen, Vice President, Human Resources, had been appointed to the Executive Board. He has worked for over 33 years in various leading HR and planning positions in the Finnish Defence Forces.
Research and development
Lehto develops and manufactures building modules and components, such as bathroom/kitchen modules, housing space elements, wall elements, large roof elements, technical building modules, windows and some smaller building renovation modules at its own production facilities. The purpose of developing modules is to enhance building quality and to accelerate the construction process.
The development of modules, components and space concepts is part of continuing operations, and the related costs are largely recorded as an expense in the income statement. Capitalised development expenditure during the financial year amounted to EUR 1.0 million. The most significant development investments are related to factory-made product design and the development of product factory operations.
Other significant events during the financial period
On 18 March 2019, Lehto Group Plc’s Board of Directors decided, under the authorisation of the Annual General Meeting, to carry out a directed share issue free of consideration related to the reward payment for the performance period 2016 of the incentive plan adopted by Lehto in 2016. Information on the launch as well as the key terms and conditions of the plan has been announced in a stock exchange release published on 20 December 2016. In the share issue, 58,691 new Lehto Group Plc shares (the “Issue Shares”) were issued free of consideration to 25 Group key employees in accordance with the terms and conditions of the plan. The Issue Shares corresponded to approximately 0.1 per cent of Lehto’s shares and votes prior to the share issue. After the share issue, the total number of Lehto shares and the votes they confer is 58,309,443.
On 1 April 2019, Lehto announced that Kaarle Törrönen, Vice President, Human Resources, had been appointed to the Executive Board, while Pasi Kokko, who had served as the Executive Vice President of Housing and a member of the Executive Board, was leaving Lehto.
On 9 May 2019, Lehto downgraded its financial outlook for 2019. Lehto announced that the Group’s net sales for 2019 will be on par with 2018 (EUR 721.5 million in 2018) and that operating profit will be approximately 2–6% of net sales (5.2% in 2018). The factors underlying the revised outlook for operating profit were the losses on complete renovation projects, the higher-than-expected costs of starting up business in Sweden, the loss on the first daycare centre project, the weaker margins of care home and business premises projects, and delays in the startup of new projects.
On 5 June 2019, Lehto announced that Juha Höyhtyä had been appointed as Executive Vice President of the Housing service area and as a member of the Group’s Executive Board.
On 6 August 2019, Lehto published a release in which it estimated that the Group’s net sales for 2019 will be either at the same level or lower than in 2018 (EUR 721.5 million in 2018) and that the full-year 2019 operating result will be in the red due to the steep losses posted in the first half of the year (operating profit of EUR 37.2 million, or 5.2% of net sales in 2018). The outlook for net sales was weakened by delays in the startup of business premises projects. The major reason behind the weaker outlook for operating profit is the significantly higher than expected losses on complete renovation projects. The outlook for operating profit was also weakened by individual loss-making projects in the Social Care and Educational Premises and Business Premises service areas and a slight decline in the selling prices of apartments.
On 19 August 2019, Lehto announced that Toni Kankare had been appointed as Chief Commercial Officer and Jukka Haapalainen as Executive Vice President of Factory Production. The previous head of factory production, Pekka Korkala, had left his position at his own request. Kankare and Haapalainen were also appointed as members of the Group’s Executive Board.
On 1 November 2019, Lehto announced that it expected consolidated net sales to be lower in 2019 than in 2018 (net sales in 2018: EUR 721.5 million). Even though the company estimated that the fourth-quarter operating result would be positive, the operating result for the second half of the year would be negative due to the operating loss in the third quarter (operating loss in January-June 2019: EUR 27.5 million). The release stated that the main factors impacting on net sales and operating result in the second half of the year were the further losses on complete renovation projects in the third quarter, the pushing back of the completion dates of certain housing projects to 2020, and the weakening of the average margin in housing projects.
Risks and factors of uncertainty
Lehto assesses risks in its daily operations on a continual basis and develops Group-wide risk management practices together with its operative companies. Through the continuous development of risk management, we seek to attract new business opportunities and partners, as well as to further improve the profitability and predictability of our operations. Further improvement of risk management and responding to the challenges of a growing business are Lehto’s top operational priorities.
The main risks in the operative business include general risks related to project pricing, schedules, quality, technical implementation and the adherence of stakeholders to agreements. Lehto’s reliance on module production and the partial dependence of its housing production on the schedule and efficiency of module production present a risk related to deviations or interruptions in the implementation of modular products.
In its business operations, Lehto is also exposed to risks relating to the availability of financing, overall economic trends and political decision-making and other risks relating to the activities of the public sector. As part of its operational business, Lehto continuously concludes agreements with various parties. The related risks include the technical, legal and commercial condition of the acquired property. The unique and complex construction projects in Lehto’s Business Premises service area, in particular, always involve risks related to implementation and costs.
Lehto’s business is partly so-called traditional contracting and partly its own production, where the final customer is not always known when starting the construction project. These business models involve different risks. In traditional contracting, project income is recognised according to the degree of completion. The main risk in this model is that total costs for the project exceed the estimated costs or the completion of the project is delayed.
The main risk in own production is that the company is not able to sell the production within the planned time schedule or at the planned price. In addition, project costs can exceed the estimated costs. Failure in project pricing, technical implementation, estimating costs and time schedule, selling the property or finding financing can have a negative impact on the company’s result and financial position.
Part of Lehto’s business involves agreements according to which Lehto builds premises in line with the customer’s needs and only sells the premises upon their completion or at a later stage to a fund, for example. Despite Lehto’s completion of premises according to the agreed schedule and costs, Lehto carries a risk related to the capacity of the fund to provide the cash required for the purchase of the premises at the agreed time of payment.
The project business the Group carries out is characterised by variation, which can be significant, in profit between different reporting periods due to the accounting methods of projects. The Group’s cash flow is usually generated in step with a project’s degree of completion, however such that the last instalment payable after the completion is bigger than the other instalments. Thereby a delay of an individual project can have an effect on the sufficiency of financing. In addition, a project delay may mean that net sales and operating profit from that project are pushed back to the next financial period, thereby weakening net sales and operating profit in the current financial period.
As a result of business growth, working capital is tied up in inventories and receivables in particular. In a situation where the company’s business is expanding simultaneously in several service areas, large purchase commitments for construction sites are realised and receivable payments from customers are delayed, the company may run into a situation where its additional financing costs will increase.
Changing building regulations or zoning policies can also have significant effects on the company’s business. In a period of economic growth in construction, the availability of skilled labour may also present a risk for the planned launch of a project in the agreed schedule.
The main risks related to the net sales, result and financial position during the current financial period are the decrease in housing sales volume and price level, delays in the startup of care home, school and business premises projects, and higher-than-expected project costs and thereby the adequacy of financing.
Lehto seeks to manage these risks with proactive sales efforts, monitoring sales trends, precise project monitoring and rapid corrective actions. Lehto has launched a Group-wide restructuring programme that seeks to improve project margins and eliminate negative deviations in them. The programme focuses especially on improving the quality of project preparation prior to the construction phase.
In order to ensure sufficient financing, Lehto is actively discussing various financing solutions with providers of finance.
Lehto aims to control risks at each level of the organisation. Risk management includes risk identification, estimation and plans to avoid them. More information on Lehto’s risks and risk management is available at www.lehto.fi.
On 25 January 2019, Lehto received a notification pursuant to Chapter 9, Section 5 of the Securities Markets Act from OP Fund Management Company Ltd. According to the notification, the total Lehto shares and votes held by the OP-Suomi Pienyhtiöt and OP-Suomi investment funds, which are managed by OP Fund Management Company Ltd, had decreased below the five (5) per cent limit to 4.71% on 23 January 2019.
Events after the review period
On 3 February 2020, after the end of the review period, Lehto specified its guidance for 2019 and outlook for 2020. Lehto reported that according to its unaudited calculations, net sales for 2019 saw a year-on-year decrease to about EUR 667 million and the operating loss amounted to about EUR 42 million, while fourth-quarter net sales were around EUR 270 million and the operating result was breakeven.
Annual General Meeting 2019
In accordance with the proposal of the Board of Directors, the Annual General Meeting of 29 March 2019 decided that the dividend payable for the financial year ending on 31 December 2018 would be EUR 0.24 per share, or a total of EUR 13,994,266.32. The dividend was paid to shareholders who on the record date for the dividend payment, 2 April 2019, were recorded in the shareholders’ register held by Euroclear Finland Oy. The dividend payment date was 9 April 2019.
The AGM confirmed the number of Board members to be five. Pursuant to the proposal made by the shareholders’ nomination committee, Martti Karppinen, Mikko Räsänen and Pertti Korhonen were reelected as members of the Board of Directors, and Anne Korkiakoski and Seppo Laine were elected as new members. Päivi Timonen and Sakari Ahdekivi left the Board. The Board members’ term of office will expire at the next Annual General Meeting.
At its organisation meeting, the Board of Directors decided to elect Martti Karppinen as its Chairman and also decided to establish an Audit Committee. Seppo Laine was elected as the Chairman and Mikko Räsänen and Pertti Korhonen as the members of this committee.
The above-mentioned and other decisions of the Annual General Meeting were disclosed in the stock exchange release of 29 March 2019.
Annual General Meeting 2020
The Annual General Meeting of Lehto Group Plc will be held on Tuesday 14 April 2020 at 1.00 p.m. at Elektroniikkatie 8, Oulu. The Board of Directors will publish the Notice of Meeting on 20 February 2020.
Lehto Group Plc’s Annual Report, including the company’s financial statements, report by the Board of Directors, auditor’s report, corporate governance statement, remuneration policy and responsibility report will be available on the company’s website no later than during Week 10.
Board proposal for the use of the profit shown on the balance sheet and for deciding on payment of dividends
The parent company’s distributable funds on the balance sheet of 31 December 2019 are EUR 68,719,704.44, of which the operating result is EUR -99,211.31.
The Board of Directors will propose to the Annual General Meeting to be held on 14 April 2020 that no dividends be paid for the 1 January–31 December 2019 financial year.
Vantaa, 19 February 2020
Lehto Group Plc
Board of Directors
The accounting policies and formulas of key figures applied in this review are mainly the same as in the latest annual report.
Lehto adopted the new IFRS 16 Leases standard as of 1 January 2019. The standard requires all leases, with some exceptions, to be recognised as assets and liabilities in the lessee’s balance sheet. At the time of adoption on 1 January 2019, the lease liability amounted to EUR 110 million and the corresponding fixed asset to EUR 9 million and inventories to EUR 101 million.
The currently valid lease agreements of the company related to tangible assets are primarily leases of business premises and leases for small machinery and equipment. The fixed asset is based on an estimate of the length of the lease period. In addition, the company has land lease agreements related to developer-contracting construction projects, which are presented in inventories. Land lease agreements related to inventories are often limited to less than a year, but under IFRS 16 they must be classified as assets and liabilities. Depreciation of leased land areas is recognised as part of the acquisition cost of the construction project. Interest expenses on the lease liability of a leased land area is capitalised as part of the acquisition cost of the construction project.
The lease liability is measured at the commencement date at the present value of the lease payments that have not been paid at that date. The present values of leases are determined by discounting the leases using the interest rate implicit in the lease or, if said rate cannot be readily determined, using the lessee’s incremental borrowing rate. The incremental borrowing rate is the rate of interest that a lessee would have to pay to borrow over a similar term. For contracts that are in force for the time being, the company has estimated the length of the lease period. The company applies an exemption in the recognition of short-term and low-value lease agreements with an estimated term of less than 12 months. The lease liability also includes, if applicable, the amount payable on the basis of a residual value guarantee as well as the price when exercising an option to purchase the underlying asset if it is reasonably certain that said option will be exercised.
Adoption of this standard does not have a significant impact on Lehto’s net sales or operating result, but affects several balance sheet key indicators, such as net gearing ratio (which will increase) and equity ratio (which will decrease). The Group uses a simplified procedure in the adoption of the standard, without adjusting comparative information.
|CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME||7-12/||7-12/||1-12 /||1-12 /|
|Other operating income||-0.2||1.1||1.5||3.0|
|Changes in inventories||-126.4||41.7||-35.7||107.1|
|Raw materials and consumables used||-84.8||-195.9||-225.0||-331.7|
|Employee benefit expenses||-37.3||-41.4||-82.2||-82.9|
|Depreciation and amortisation||-4.1||-2.1||-8.2||-3.5|
|Other operating expenses||-12.1||-12.6||-24.3||-24.8|
|Share of associated company profits||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0|
|Profit before taxes||-17.1||23.0||-45.5||36.2|
|Profit for the period||-13.0||17.9||-35.7||28.7|
|Profit attributable to|
|Equity holders of the parent company||-13.0||17.9||-35.8||28.7|
|Components of other comprehensive income|
|Items that may be reclassified subsequently to profit or loss|
|Comprehensive profit, total||-12.9||17.9||-35.9||28.7|
|Comprehensive profit attributable to|
|Equity holders of the parent company||-12.9||17.9||-35.9||28.7|
|Earnings per share calculated from the profit attributable to shareholders of the parent company, EUR per share|
|Earnings per share, basic||-0.22||0.31||-0.61||0.49|
|Earnings per share, diluted||-0.22||0.31||-0.61||0.49|
|CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEET|
|EUR million||Dec 31, 2019||Dec 31, 2018|
|Other intangible assets||4.7||2.2|
|Property, plant and equipment||26.6||22.9|
|Investments and receivables||2.7||1.1|
|Deferred tax assets||16.5||6.1|
|Non-current assets total||55.8||37.7|
|Trade and other receivables||86.3||139.0|
|Cash and cash equivalents||59.2||53.4|
|Current assets total||396.0||430.6|
|Equity and liabilities|
|Invested non-restricted equity reserve||69.2||69.2|
|Profit for the financial period||-35.8||28.7|
|Equity attributable to shareholders of the parent company||112.1||162.1|
|Deferred tax liabilities||0.6||0.7|
|Other non-current liabilities||0.1||5.6|
|Non-current liabilities total||60.6||36.8|
|Trade and other payables||67.2||85.1|
|Current liabilities total||279.0||269.2|
|Equity and liabilities total||451.8||468.3|
|CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY|
|EUR million||Equity attributable to shareholders of the parent company|
|Share capital||Invested non-restricted equity reserve||Translation difference||Retained earnings||Equity attributable to shareholders of the parent company||Non-controlling interest||Equity, total|
|Equity at 1 January 2018||0.1||69.2||-0.1||81.3||150.4||0.3||150.7|
|Effect of IFRS 2 standard amendment||2.3||2.3||2.3|
|Adjusted equity at 1 January 2018||0.1||69.2||-0.1||83.6||152.7||0.3||153.0|
|Profit for the financial period||28.7||28.7||0.0||28.7|
|Total comprehensive income||28.7||28.7||0.0||28.7|
|Transactions with equity holders|
|Distribution of dividends||-19.8||-19.8||-19.8|
|Transactions with equity holders, total||-0.1||-19.3||-19.4||0.0||-19.4|
|Equity at 31 December 2018||0.1||69.2||-0.2||93.0||162.1||0.3||162.4|
|Equity at 1 January 2019||0.1||69.2||-0.2||93.0||162.1||0.3||162.4|
|Profit for the financial period||-0.1||-35.9||-35.9||0.0||-35.9|
|Total comprehensive income||-0.1||-35.9||-35.9||0.0||-35.9|
|Transactions with equity holders|
|Distribution of dividends||-14.0||-14.0||-14.0|
|Transactions with equity holders, total||-14.1||-14.2||-14.2|
|Changes in holdings in subsidiaries|
|Acquisitions of non-controlling interest not resulting change in control||-0.3||-0.3|
|Equity at 31 December 2019||0.1||69.2||-0.3||43.2||112.1||0.0||112.1|
|CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENT||1-12 /||1-12 /|
|Cash flow from operating activities|
|Profit for the financial period||-35.7||28.7|
|Depreciation and amortisation||8.2||3.5|
|Financial income and expenses||3.7||1.0|
|Changes in working capital:|
|Change in trade and other receivables||48.9||-26.2|
|Change in inventories||27.9||-105.3|
|Change in trade and other payables||-53.6||78.7|
|Interest paid and other financial expenses||-3.3||-1.0|
|Financial income received||0.3||0.2|
|Income taxes paid||0.0||-9.8|
|Net cash from operating activities||-11.1||-18.3|
|Cash flow from investments|
|Investment in property, plant and equipment||-4.1||-14.6|
|Investment in other intangible assets||-3.6||-1.3|
|Sales of associates||1.6||0.3|
|Proceeds from sale of tangible and intangible assets||0.1||0.0|
|Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss||-0.6||0.2|
|Repayments of loan receivables||0.0||1.7|
|Net cash from investments||-6.6||-13.7|
|Cash flow from financing|
|Lease liabilities paid||-4.7|
|Acquisition of non-controlling interest||-0.3||0.0|
|Net cash used in financing activities||23.5||17.5|
|Change in cash and cash equivalents (+/-)||5.9||-14.5|
|Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of the year||53.4||68.0|
|Effects of exchange rate change||0.0||-0.1|
|Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the period||59.2||53.4|
|KEY FIGURES||7-12/||7-12/||1-12 /||1-12 /|
|Net sales, EUR million||421.4||429.6||667.7||721.5|
|Net sales, change %||-1.9%||12.0%||-7.5%||20.7%|
|Operating profit, EUR million||-14.3||23.5||-41.8||37.2|
|Operating profit, as % of net sales||-3.4%||5.5%||-6.3%||5.2%|
|Result for the period, EUR million||-13.0||17.9||-35.7||28.7|
|Result for the period, as % of net sales||-3.1%||4.2%||-5.4%||4.0%|
|Equity ratio, %||29.6%||42.7%|
|Net gearing ratio, %||115.9%||38.5%|
|Return on equity, ROE, %||-26.0%||18.3%|
|Return on investment, ROI, %||-14.3%||16.1%|
|Order backlog, EUR million||481.8||655.6|
|Personnel during the period, average||1 454||1 457|
|Personnel at the end of period||1 274||1 552|
|Gross expenditure on assets, EUR million||7.7||15.9|
|Equity / share, EUR||1.92||2.78|
|Earnings per share, EUR, basic||-0.22||0.31||-0.61||0.49|
|Earnings per share, EUR, diluted||-0.22||0.31||-0.61||0.49|
|Average number of shares during the period, basic||58 309 443||58 250 752||58 296 740||58 250 752|
|Average number of shares during the period, diluted||58 437 031||58 380 598||58 424 817||58 380 598|
|Number of shares at the end of the period||58 309 443||58 250 752||58 309 443||58 250 752|
|Market value of share at the end of period, EUR million||137.0||247.6|
|Share prices, EUR|
|Highest price, EUR||5.33||14.18|
|Lowest price, EUR||1.48||4.02|
|Average price, EUR||2.66||9.13|
|Price at the end of period, EUR||2.35||4.25|
|Share turnover, shares||45 281 956||42 861 908|
|Share turnover out of average number of shares, %||77.7%||73.6%|
|Dividend / share, EUR1)||–||0.24|
|Dividend payout ratio, %1)||–||48.7%|
|Effective dividend yield %1)||–||5.6%|
|Price / Earnings||-3.84||8.64|
|1) For year 2019 the Board of Directors proposes that no dividends be paid|
|LIABILITIES AND GUARANTEES|
|EUR million||Dec 31, 2019||Dec 31, 2018|
|Loans covered by pledges on assets|
|Loans from financial institutions||47.8||65.8|
|Debts on shares in unsold housing and real estate company shares||32.8||48.9|
|Within one year|
|Rents related to plots in inventories||156.4|
|Within 1-5 years|
|Over 5 years|
|The collateral for instalment debt is the financed equipment. Absolute guarantees include contract guarantees given on behalf of another Group company and loan guarantees for housing companies under construction. Pledges are inventory items and other financing assets pledged as collateral for financial institution loans and loans for housing companies under construction. Pledges are presented at carrying amount. Furthermore, a right of claim to a lease agreement entered into by the company was given as a collateral for a loan to a subsidiary.|
|Revenue recognised over time||181.0||245.0||349.1||463.6|
|Revenue recognised upon delivery||239.9||184.4||318.0||257.4|
The Group has one operating segment, Building Services. The segment’s operations consist mainly of providing new construction services. The Group’s management monitors the entire Group, and the segment figures are consistent with the Group figures.
The Group’s related parties include Group companies, members of the Board of Director and the Group’s top management as well as entities on which related parties have influence through ownership or management. Related parties also include associated companies and joint ventures.
|Transactions with related parties|
|Key personnel and their controlled entities||30.9||56.3||4.6||5.2|
|EUR million||Dec 31, 2019||Dec 31, 2018||Dec 31, 2019||Dec, 2018|
|Key personnel and their controlled entities||4.5||7.8||0.0||0.1|
A major part of related party transactions is connected with purchase of apartments and other premises from the company. The transactions are valued at the debt-free selling price of the completed site. Purchases are mainly equipment rents and other service purchases. There has been no transactions with associates.